Ebola outbreak in Guinea raises awareness about exposure precautions

The Ministry of Health of Guinea has notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of a rapidly evolving outbreak of deadly Ebola virus disease (EVD) in south-eastern Guinea. EVD in humans has a case fatality rate of up to 90 percent. It is spread through animal-to-human and human-to-human contact with infected blood and body fluid; no specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.

WHO has created an aide-memoire on standard precautions in healthcare (currently being updated) which are designed to reduce transmission risks. Specific precautions to be taken by healthcare professionals, airline flight crews and other travelers to infected areas also are posted on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Ebola in Guinea website.